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Stem Cells, Space Moss, And More Are Making Their Way Up

The International Space Station or ISS has a rare and vital test bed that permits every spaceship to harbor with its carts novel experiments for the crew to operate. And the mission this month no different as the major focus is carrying biological tests that could prove necessary for long-distance space travel and add-on some new docking hardware for the station. On July 21, the commercial resupply mission (CRS-18) will be carrying fresh food, science, and other spare part samples. The experiments like this are being carried to look for adaption of life to microgravity. The humans have already shown many physiological changes which are not harmful but are quite difficult to measure on a small scale.

Out of the 3 experiments, the major is small-scale human physiology. The first will be studying the growth and arrangements of stem cells in nerve tissue in the presence of microgravity. The astronauts will be spending days so as to help understand the nervous system changes and also focus on the type of treatment required when on a mission. The research also helps shed some light on the progression of Parkinson’s and multiple sclerosis. The researcher’s microgravity environment could help open new paths for therapies and changes that are complex to generate o Earth.

The second human-linked experiment focuses on microgravity’s effect on healing and regeneration of bone cells and also tests 2 therapies inclined towards enhancing the processes. Though the breaking of bones when in space is a mere possibility it necessary to know about its effects and treatments. The third means is to 3D print biological configurations in microgravity. The 3D printing can help make organ replacements and develop biological material exactly similar to the original products. This technique can help engineer the products without the need for disturbing the actual cell structure.

Space Moss experiment is basically being carried out to help astronauts survive the long trip to Moon or Mars. The moss requires hypergravity conditions for survival. In comparison to the normal plants at 10 Gs, the moss spread quicker and photosynthesizes more. The experiment could help develop biologically engineered plants with distinct properties; however, Space Moss is not the key study for a food source. The Dragon capsule will be entitled to carry IDA-3, which is a vital matter for the space station. In 2015, the IDAs aboard CRS-7 had exploded and destroyed all the cargo; however, in 2016, the Harmony module carrying IDA-3 proved successful.

Diane Sorensen
Content Writer & Editor At Industry News Works

After studying the Astronomical Sciences, Diane continued to write about space and the universe. Because of her passion and curiosity about topics related to science and astronomy, as well as his understanding of scientific terminology, she is responsible for the coverage of the science section. She is very enthusiastic in studying missions, launches, and discoveries of the space. Her knowledge about the Space domain is of great help to others too.

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